Mortality and Real Cause of Death from the Nonlesional Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Title
Mortality and Real Cause of Death from the Nonlesional Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Author(s)
정영진김기대[김기대]장철훈최병연
Keywords
MEDICAL COMPLICATIONS; ISCHEMIC-STROKE
Issue Date
201401
Publisher
KOREAN NEUROSURGICAL SOC
Citation
JOURNAL OF KOREAN NEUROSURGICAL SOCIETY, v.55, no.1, pp.1 - 4
Abstract
Objective : The case fatality rate of nonlesional intracerebral hemorrhage (n-ICH) was high and not changed. Knowing the causes is important to their prevention; however, the reasons have not been studied. The aims of this study were to determine the cause of death, to improve the clinical outcomes. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed consecutive cases of nonlesional intracerebral hemorrhage in a prospective stroke registry from January 2010 to December 2010. Results : Among 174 patients (61.83+/-13.36, 28-90 years), 29 patients (16.7%) died during hospitalization. Most common cause of death was initial neurological damage (41.4%, 12/29). Seventeen patients who survived the initial damage may then develop various potentially fatal complications. Except for death due to the initial neurological sequelae, death associated with immobilization (such as pneumonia or thromboembolic complication) was the most common in eight cases (8/17, 47.1%). However, death due to early rebleeding was not common and occurred in only 2 cases (2/17, 11.8%). Age, initial Glasgow Coma Scale, and diabetes mellitus were statistically significant factors influencing mortality (p<0.05). Conclusion : Mortality of n-ICH is still high. Initial neurological damage is the most important factor; however, non-neurological medical complications are a large part of case fatality. Most cases of death of patients who survived from the first bleeding were due to complications of immobilization. These findings have implications for clinical practice and planning of clinical trials. In addition, future conduct of a randomized study will be necessary in order to evaluate the benefits of early mobilization for prevention of immobilization related complications.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/33570http://dx.doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2014.55.1.1
ISSN
2005-3711
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의과대학 > 신경외과학교실 > Articles
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