Identification of new members of the MAPK gene family in plants shows diverse conserved domains and novel activation loop variants

Title
Identification of new members of the MAPK gene family in plants shows diverse conserved domains and novel activation loop variants
Author(s)
배한홍Nibedita Mohanta2[Nibedita Mohanta2]Pratap Parida3[Pratap Parida3]타판쿠말모한타어로라펀커즈쿠말
Keywords
RELATIVE GENOME SIZES; PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE; TERMINAL SRC KINASE; ENZYME ACTIVE-SITE; PLOIDY LEVELS; SUBSTRATE RECOGNITION; ANNOTATION RESOURCE; EVOLUTION; ARABIDOPSIS; PHOSPHORYLATION
Issue Date
201502
Publisher
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
Citation
BMC GENOMICS, v.16
Abstract
Background: Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) signaling is of critical importance in plants and other eukaryotic organisms. The MAPK cascade plays an indispensible role in the growth and development of plants, as well as in biotic and abiotic stress responses. The MAPKs are constitute the most downstream module of the three tier MAPK cascade and are phosphorylated by upstream MAP kinase kinases (MAPKK), which are in turn are phosphorylated by MAP kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK). The MAPKs play pivotal roles in regulation of many cytoplasmic and nuclear substrates, thus regulating several biological processes. Results: A total of 589 MAPKs genes were identified from the genome wide analysis of 40 species. The sequence analysis has revealed the presence of several N- and C-terminal conserved domains. The MAPKs were previously believed to be characterized by the presence of TEY/TDY activation loop motifs. The present study showed that, in addition to presence of activation loop TEY/TDY motifs, MAPKs are also contain MEY, TEM, TQM, TRM, TVY, TSY, TEC and TQY activation loop motifs. Phylogenetic analysis of all predicted MAPKs were clustered into six different groups (group A, B, C, D, E and F), and all predicted MAPKs were assigned with specific names based on their orthology based evolutionary relationships with Arabidopsis or Oryza MAPKs. Conclusion: We conducted global analysis of the MAPK gene family of plants from lower eukaryotes to higher eukaryotes and analyzed their genomic and evolutionary aspects. Our study showed the presence of several new activation loop motifs and diverse conserved domains in MAPKs. Advance study of newly identified activation loop motifs can provide further information regarding the downstream signaling cascade activated in response to a wide array of stress conditions, as well as plant growth and development.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/33543http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-015-1244-7
ISSN
1471-2164
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생명공학부 > 생명공학부 > Articles
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