Anxiety; Depression; Tinnitus; Type D personality.
대한이비인후과학회지 두경부외과학, v.57, no.1, pp.22 - 26
Background and Objectives Tinnitus is a disease with high prevalence and a wide range of etiologies. Tinnitus has a lot of impact on the patients, causing psychological distress such as anxiety and depression. Type D personality is related to the negative emotions including to anxiety and depression. Therefore, the goal of this study was to understand the relationship between tinnitus and anxiety/depression/type D personality.
Subjects and Method Ninety three patients with chronic subjective tinnitus, who visited the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head Neck Surgery in Yeungnam University Hospital from May, 2012 to October, 2012. The tinnitus patients were asked to complete a survey: regarding demographic data, otologic history, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Hamilton anxiety scale (HAM-A), type D personality scale 14 (DS-14), and tinnitus handicap inventory (THI).
Results The tinnitus patients had significantly higher levels of type D personality (58.1%). In the tinnitus patients, as the score of THI increased, the BDI and HAM-A scores increased. As the DS-14 score increased, the THI scores increased.
Conclusion These results suggest that the tinnitus patients have high prevalence of type D personality compared to that shown in the general population. And the handicap of tinnitus is related to anxiety, depression and type D personality.
Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg 2014;57:22-6