외국인 이주노동자의 구강건강수준과 치과 의료이용 관련요인
- 외국인 이주노동자의 구강건강수준과 치과 의료이용 관련요인
- Other Titles
- Related factors to dental care utilization and oral health status in immigrant workers in Korea
- 이경수; 남인숙[남인숙]; 장은진[장은진]
- immigrant workers; oral health index; oral health status; 구강건강수준; 구강건강지수; 외국인 노동자
- Issue Date
- 한국치위생학회지, v.15, no.1, pp.19 - 29
- Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the related factors to dental care utilization, oral health behaviors, and oralhealth status in immigrant workers in Korea.
Methods: The subjects were 504 foreign immigrant male workers over 20 years old who visited Daegu labor consultation center fororal health survey and oral examination. The questionnaire included 5 questions of socioeconomic characteristics, 8 questions of oralhealth practice behavior, 6 questions of dental clinic visit, 8 questions of social relations and Korean language proficiency. Thequestion for health behavior was measure by body mass index(BMI). Social relations and Korean language proficiency instrumentwas modified by Seol from “Family welfare survey in Korean international marriage” and scored by Liker 5 scale.
Results: The oral health examination of the immigrant workers was as follows: decayed teeth - 76.6%, filling teeth - 27.4%, missingteeth -69.8%, dental caries experience above five or more - 60.2%, periodontal pocket tissues . 58.9%. Simplified Oral HygieneIndex was very poor and accounted for 49.0%. Dental care utilization experience was closely associated with social relation indexesincluding attendance in family events, household stuff help, financial help and counseling for hard work(p<0.01). Dental careutilization experience proportionally increased with proficiency in Korean literacy including speaking, listening, and writingabilities of Korean language(p<0.01).
Conclusions: In order to improve the oral health condition of the immigrant workers, it is important to provide social network,Korean language proficiency support, and health insurance coverage through economic burden reduction by the Korean government.
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