Pregnancy Loss Following Coxsackievirus B3 Infection in Mice during Early Gestation Due to High Expression of Coxsackievirus-Adenovirus Receptor (CAR) in Uterus and Embryo
- Pregnancy Loss Following Coxsackievirus B3 Infection in Mice during Early Gestation Due to High Expression of Coxsackievirus-Adenovirus Receptor (CAR) in Uterus and Embryo
- 박호선; 황지영; 이경민; 김윤화; 심혜민; 배영경; 황정혜[황정혜]
- TRANSPLACENTAL INFECTION; TIGHT JUNCTION; VIRUSES; CELLS; PLACENTA; MOUSE; TRANSMISSION; HEPATITIS; GROWTH; BRAIN
- Issue Date
- INT PRESS EDITING CENTRE INC
- EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS, v.63, no.1, pp.63 - 72
- Coxsackieviruses are important pathogens in children and the outcomes of neonatal infection can be serious or fatal. However, the outcomes of coxsackievirus infection during early gestation are not well defined. In this study, we examined the possibility of vertical transmission of coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) and the effects of CVB3 infection on early pregnancy of ICR mice. We found that the coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) was highly expressed not only in embryos but also in the uterus of ICR mice. CVB3 replicated in the uterus 1 to 7 days post-infection (dpi), with the highest titer at 3 dpi. The pregnancy loss rate in mice infected with CVB3 during early gestation was 38.3%, compared to 4.7% and 2.7% in mock-infected and UV-inactivated-CVB3 infected pregnant mice, respectively. These data suggest that the uterus and embryo, which express abundant CAR, are important targets of CVB3 and that the vertical transmission of CVB3 during early gestation induces pregnancy loss.
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