Green Synthesis and Characterization of Carbon Nanotubes/Polyaniline Nanocomposites

Title
Green Synthesis and Characterization of Carbon Nanotubes/Polyaniline Nanocomposites
Author(s)
웬방호아심재진
Keywords
MICROWAVE-ASSISTED SYNTHESIS; NANOTUBE COMPOSITES; ELECTROCHEMICAL CAPACITORS; IONIC LIQUID; POLYANILINE; ELECTRODE; SUPERCAPACITOR; PERFORMANCE; HYBRID
Issue Date
201503
Publisher
HINDAWI PUBLISHING CORPORATION
Citation
JOURNAL OF SPECTROSCOPY
Abstract
Carbon nanotubes/polyaniline (CNT/PANI) nanocomposites were synthesized by the interfacial polymerization of aniline in the presence of CNTs using two green solvents, water and an ionic liquid (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, [bmim][BF4]), as the two phases. The formation and incorporation of PANI on the surface of the CNTs were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The analyses showed that the surface of the CNTs was coated with different morphologies of thin PANI layers depending on whether a HCl or HNO3 solution was used. The thermal stability of the composites was much better than that of the bare CNTs and pure PANI. The as-prepared composites were also used to modify the nickel foam electrodes for characterization of the electrochemical properties.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/33083http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/297804
ISSN
2314-4920
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공과대학 > 화학공학부 > Articles
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