Plum Blossom; Plum blossom falls; Plum Blossom Poems; Yue-fu poetry; Songs accompanied by horizontal flutes; Songs accompanied by bamboo flutes
한중언어문화연구, no.34, pp.165 - 186
There are total 35 poems with the same title of ｢Plum blossom falls(梅花落)｣ written by Wei and Jin dynasty(魏晉代) poets, such as Bao zhao(鮑照), Wu jun(吳均), and by Ming dynasty(明代) poets, such as Liu ji(劉基). By studying these 35 poems, this paper investigates ｢Plum blossom falls｣ a Yue-fu Poetry and Imitative Yue-fu Poetry which was composed by a number of writers. This paper analyzes the characteristics, contents and the formation of ｢Plum blossom falls｣. Based on an analysis of a Korean Classical Poetry ｢Plum blossom falls｣and comparison between the Korean Classical Poetry ｢Plum blossom falls｣ and Yeu-fu Poetry ｢Plum blossom falls｣, this paper studies whether the Yeu-fu Poetry ｢Plum blossom falls｣ can be regarded as a Plum Blossom Poem(梅花詩).
The contents and the formation of the existing ｢Plum blossom falls｣are diverse. ｢Plum blossom falls｣ was originally a title of a Yue-fu Poem ｢Songs accompanied by horizontal flutes(橫吹曲)｣ in Han dynasty. It was a Songs accompanied by bamboo flutes(笛曲) singing of soldiers at a battlefield longing for their homes on a warm spring day. After Wei and Jin dynasty, the content of ｢Plum blossom falls｣ became mostly about women lamenting spring and longing for their husbands who went to battlefields.
Due to the fact that ｢Plum blossom falls｣ in the Korean classical poetry is similar with Yue-fu poetry in its contents and formation, it is safe to say that ｢Plum blossom falls｣ in the Korean classical poetry is an imitation of the Yue-fu poetry ｢Plum blossom falls｣. Although ｢Plum blossom falls｣ has a title of a Yue-fu poetry, hence its formation is similar with other Classical poetry after Tang dynasty(唐代) and poetries about the ecology and symbolism of Plum blossoms became mainstream over time, ｢Plum blossom falls｣ can be categorized as a Plum Blossom Poem.