Filial behavior tales; a utilitarian perspective; sacrificing filial piety; enlightenment; the scented container mechanism; the reward mechanism; an extreme sacrifice; differentiation mechanism; the manners and customs; expanded production of desires.; 효행설화; 공리적관점; 희생효; 교화; 훈도 기제; 포상 기제; 차등화의 매커니즘
어문학, no.127, pp.175 - 202
Filial behavior tales have a utilitarian perspective inherent in them, which is demonstrated by the fact that there is a case of sacrificing filial piety in any Gakpyeons. Based on that viewpoint, the investigator set out to figure out the utilitarian nature of filial behavior tales. The author of Hyojapyeon in Samganghaengshildo understood the psychology of people in two mechanisms at the level of enlightenment, and they were the scented container mechanism and the reward mechanism. While the former was expressed in the form of “gods→no material benefits,” the latter was expressed in the form of “country people and governors→material benefits.” The filial behavior tales reflecting the scented container mechanism press the readers to make an extreme sacrifice in a subtle and skillful manner, whereas the ones reflecting the reward mechanism convert “filial behavior→wish to fulfill the realistic desires” into “filial behavior→differentiation mechanism.” The filial behavior tales reflecting the two mechanisms reveal the overall characteristics of Hyojapyeon: first, both the scented container mechanism and the reward mechanism pursue an extreme sacrifice and deviate from the manners and customs; and secondly, they expand and reproduce desires through the filial piety-based governance of people.