Bacterial degradation of chlorophenols and their derivatives

Title
Bacterial degradation of chlorophenols and their derivatives
Author(s)
배한홍어로라펀커즈쿠말
Keywords
BURKHOLDERIA-CEPACIA AC1100; META-CLEAVAGE PATHWAY; DESULFITOBACTERIUM-FRAPPIERI PCP-1; RALSTONIA-PICKETTII DTP0602; RHODOCOCCUS-OPACUS 1CP; SP STRAIN MT1; REDUCTIVE DECHLORINATION; SP-NOV.; 2,4,5-TRICHLOROPHENOXYACETIC ACID; CHLORINATED PHENOLS
Issue Date
201403
Publisher
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
Citation
MICROBIAL CELL FACTORIES, v.13
Abstract
Chlorophenols (CPs) and their derivatives are persistent environmental pollutants which are used in the manufacture of dyes, drugs, pesticides and other industrial products. CPs, which include monochlorophenols, polychlorophenols, chloronitrophenols, chloroaminophenols and chloromethylphenols, are highly toxic to living beings due to their carcinogenic, mutagenic and cytotoxic properties. Several physico-chemical and biological methods have been used for removal of CPs from the environment. Bacterial degradation has been considered a cost-effective and eco-friendly method of removing CPs from the environment. Several bacteria that use CPs as their sole carbon and energy sources have been isolated and characterized. Additionally, the metabolic pathways for degradation of CPs have been studied in bacteria and the genes and enzymes involved in the degradation of various CPs have been identified and characterized. This review describes the biochemical and genetic basis of the degradation of CPs and their derivatives.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/32889http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-2859-13-31
ISSN
1475-2859
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생명공학부 > 생명공학부 > Articles
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