Temperature-Dependent Control of Staphylococcus aureus Biofilms and Virulence by Thermoresponsive Oligo(N-vinylcaprolactam)

Title
Temperature-Dependent Control of Staphylococcus aureus Biofilms and Virulence by Thermoresponsive Oligo(N-vinylcaprolactam)
Author(s)
이진태이진형김성철김용규이가연
Keywords
ESCHERICHIA-COLI; BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS; CAENORHABDITIS-ELEGANS; BACTERIAL ADHESION; ALPHA-TOXIN; MECHANISMS; CINNAMALDEHYDE; INFECTIONS; RESISTANCE; CARVACROL
Issue Date
201504
Publisher
WILEY-BLACKWELL
Citation
BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOENGINEERING, v.112, no.4, pp.716 - 724
Abstract
Bacterial biofilms are associated with persistent infections because they are highly tolerant of antimicrobial agents, and in the case of Staphylococcus aureus, which is a leading cause of nosocomial infections because of its resistance to diverse antibiotics, biofilm formation is a known mechanism of drug resistance. In the present study, we investigated the ability of thermoresponsive oligo (N-vinylcaprolactam) (OVCL) to control biofilm formation by and the virulence of S. aureus. One synthetic and four commercial OVCLs (MW240,000) at 50 mu g/mL were found to increase S. aureus biofilm formation 7-fold at 25 degrees C, but to markedly inhibit S. aureus biofilm formation at 37 degrees C. Confocal and scanning electron microscopy confirmed the temperature-dependent effect of OVCL on S. aureus biofilms. It was found that the addition of OVCL to S. aureus culture caused cells to become dramatically more hydrophilic at 37 degrees C, which partially supports the biofilm reduction. Also, transcriptional analysis showed that OVCL temperature-dependently regulated biofilm-related genes (aur, agrA, and icaA) in S. aureus. In addition, it was found surface coatings containing OVCL effectively controlled S. aureus biofilm formation on solid glass surfaces. Furthermore, OVCL inhibited the hemolysis of human red blood cells by S. aureus at 37 degrees C and attenuated S. aureus virulence in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. These results suggest that OVCL has potential use for controlling bacterial biofilm formation and virulence. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2015;112: 716-724. (c) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/32806http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bit.25496
ISSN
0006-3592
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공과대학 > 화학공학부 > Articles
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