이탈리아의 가족 자본주의와 ‘부덴브로크 신드롬’: 롬바르디아의 경우를 중심으로

Title
이탈리아의 가족 자본주의와 ‘부덴브로크 신드롬’: 롬바르디아의 경우를 중심으로
Other Titles
Family Capitalism and the ‘Buddenbrooks Syndrome’ in Italy: A Case of Lombardy
Author(s)
장문석
Keywords
가족 기업; 가족 자본주의; 부덴브로크 신드롬; 이탈리아; 롬바르디아; Family Firm; Family Capitalism; Buddenbrooks Syndrome; Italy; Lombardy
Issue Date
201505
Publisher
한국서양사연구회
Citation
서양사연구, no.52, pp.79 - 112
Abstract
Recent studies in business history shed light on family business or family capitalism. Italy can be a good case that illustrates the development of family capitalism. This article explores the oligarchic family capitalism and micro-family capitalism in Lombardy, in particular focusing on textile industry. Crespi as a ‘industrial dynasty’ demonstrates the family entrepreneurship and its limits, including limits of autofinanziamento and overinvestment. Meanwhile, it appears that small-scale family firms in rural areas struggled for survival, depending upon ‘self-exploitation’ or intensive labor investment of family members and relatives. Interestingly, family firms in Como silk industry investigated by Yanagisako demonstrate that desires and sentiments among family members can be the forces of production that make the generation of family capitalism possible. As a matter of fact, the problem of succession is a subtle but most important side of family capitalism which used to be dramatically expressed as the so-called ‘Buddenbrooks syndrome’ which means the decline in third generation. Various efforts were made to overcome crisis of succession of family firms, including the adoption of the managerial elements beyond the family. This suggests that, just as capitalism requires the non-capitalist resources like family, family capitalism needs the professional managerial elements outside family. In short, it can be said that the structures of family firm do not determine the tragic decline of family firms, as implied by the ‘Buddenbrooks syndrome.’
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/32192http://dx.doi.org/10.16894/JOWH.52.3
ISSN
1738-7027
Appears in Collections:
문과대학 > 역사학과 > Articles
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