Composition and bandgap control in Cu(In,Ga)Se-2-based absorbers formed by reaction of metal precursors

Title
Composition and bandgap control in Cu(In,Ga)Se-2-based absorbers formed by reaction of metal precursors
Author(s)
김우경김기환[김기환]박현욱Gregory M. Hanket[Gregory M. Hanket]William N. Shafarman[William N. Shafarman]
Keywords
THIN-FILM; SULFURIZATION; SELENIZATION
Issue Date
201506
Publisher
WILEY-BLACKWELL
Citation
PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS, v.23, no.6, pp.765 - 772
Abstract
The control of composition and bandgap in chalcopyrite thin-film absorber layers formed by a metal precursor reaction is addressed. Two processes using reaction with either H2Se or H2S as the final step of a three-step reaction process were compared as follows: a three-step H2Se/Ar/H2S reaction and a three-step H2Se/Ar/H2Se reaction. In both processes, significant Ga homogenization was obtained during the second-step Ar anneal, but the third-step selenization resulted in Ga depletion near the Cu(InGa)Se-2 surface, whereas the third-step sulfization did not. Solar cells were fabricated using absorbers formed using each method, and the surface Ga depletion significantly affected device performances. The solar cell incorporating the sulfization yielded a better device performance, with an efficiency of 14.4% (without an anti-reflection layer) and an open-circuit voltage of 609mV. The bandgap control in the metal precursor reaction is discussed in conjunction with the device behavior. Copyright (c) 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/32045http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pip.2494
ISSN
1062-7995
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공과대학 > 화학공학부 > Articles
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