Clinical characteristics of ceftriaxone plus metronidazole in complicated intra-abdominal infection

Title
Clinical characteristics of ceftriaxone plus metronidazole in complicated intra-abdominal infection
Author(s)
배정민
Keywords
ANTIINFECTIVE AGENTS; GUIDELINES; MANAGEMENT; SOCIETY; SEPSIS; RISK; CARE
Issue Date
201506
Publisher
KOREAN SURGICAL SOCIETY
Citation
ANNALS OF SURGICAL TREATMENT AND RESEARCH, v.89, no.1, pp.43 - 47
Abstract
Purpose: Empirical antibiotics in complicated intra-abdominal infection (c-IAI), such as secondary peritonitis are a first step of treatment. Empirical antibiotic regimen is very diverse. Ceftriaxone plus metronidazote regimen (CMR) is one of the empirical antibiotic regimens used in treatment of c-IAI. However, although CMR is a widely used empirical antibiotic regimen, study regarding success, failure or efficacy of CMR has been poorly understood. This retrospective study is conducted to compare the clinical efficacy of this regimen in c-IAI according to clinical characteristics. Methods: The subjects were patients in this hospital who were diagnosed as secondary peritonitis between 2009 and 2013. Retrospective analysis was performed based on the records made after surgery regarding clinical characteristics including albumin level, blood pressure, pulse rate, respiration rate, smoking, age, sex, body mass index, hemoglobin, coexisting disease, leukocytosis, and APACHE (acute physiology and chronic health evaluation) II score. Results: A total of 114 patients were enrolled. In univariated analysis, the success and failure of CMR showed significant association with preoperative low albumin, old age, and preoperative tachycardia. In multivariated analysis, low albumin and preoperative tachycardia were significant. Conclusion: It is thought that an additional antibiotic treatment plan is necessary in patients with low albumin and tachycardia when the empirical antibiotic regimen is CMR in c-IAI. Conduct of research through well-designed prospective randomized clinical study is also necessary in order to evaluate the appropriateness of CMR and decide on a proper empirical antibiotic regimen between many regimens in c-IAI based on our country.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/31978http://dx.doi.org/10.4174/astr.2015.89.1.43
ISSN
2288-6575
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의과대학 > 성형외과학교실 > Articles
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