Dysfunctional Lipoproteins from Young Smokers Exacerbate Cellular Senescence and Atherogenesis with Smaller Particle Size and Severe Oxidation and Glycation

Title
Dysfunctional Lipoproteins from Young Smokers Exacerbate Cellular Senescence and Atherogenesis with Smaller Particle Size and Severe Oxidation and Glycation
Author(s)
조경현박기훈신동구
Keywords
HIGH-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN; ESTER TRANSFER PROTEIN; CORONARY-ARTERY-DISEASE; APOLIPOPROTEIN-A-I; CIGARETTE-SMOKING; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE; LIPID-PEROXIDATION; HEART-DISEASE; RISK-FACTOR; PLASMA
Issue Date
201407
Publisher
OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Citation
TOXICOLOGICAL SCIENCES, v.140, no.1, pp.16 - 25
Abstract
Until now, there has been limited information on the effects of smoking on atherogenesis and senescence in the context of lipoprotein parameters, particularly in young smokers who have smoked fewer than 10 cigarettes per day for 3 years. In this study, lipoprotein profiles and functions were compared between smoker (n = 21) and control groups (n = 20). In the smoking group, ferric ion reduction abilities of serum and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) fractions were significantly reduced, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) was severely oxidized. All lipoprotein particles from the smoker group showed higher advanced glycated end products with more triglyceride (TG) content compared with the control group. Lipoproteins from smokers showed faster agarose gel electromobility as well as greater smear band intensity in SDS-PAGE due to oxidation and glycation. LDL from smokers was more sensitive to oxidation and promoted foam cell formaA-tion in macrophages. Gel filtration column chromatography revealed that the protein and cholesterol peaks of VLDL and LDL were elevated in the smoker group, whereas those of HDL were reduced. Human dermal fibroblast cells from the smoker group showed severe senescence following treatment with HDL2 and HDL3. Although HDL from young smokers showed impaired antioxidant ability, smaller particle size, and increased TG content, cholesteryl ester transfer protein activities were greatly enhanced in the serum and HDL fractions of the smoker group. In conclusion, smoking can cause production of dysfunctional lipoproteins having a smaller particle size that exacerbate senescence and atherogenic progress due to oxidation and glycation.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/31599http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfu076
ISSN
1096-6080
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생명공학부 > 생명공학부 > Articles
의과대학 > 내과학교실 > Articles
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