Progress in material selection for solid oxide fuel cell technology: A review

Title
Progress in material selection for solid oxide fuel cell technology: A review
Author(s)
닐리마마하토Amitava Banerjee[Amitava Banerjee]Alka Gupta[Alka Gupta]Shobit Omar[Shobit Omar]Kantesh Balani[Kantesh Balani]
Keywords
YTTRIA-STABILIZED ZIRCONIA; SR-DOPED LAMNO3; PEROVSKITE-TYPE OXIDES; FERRITIC STAINLESS-STEEL; SULFUR-TOLERANT ANODE; SOFC INTERCONNECT APPLICATIONS; GRAIN-BOUNDARY CONDUCTIVITY; COMPRESSIVE MICA SEALS; OXYGEN-ION CONDUCTOR; POWDER NEUTRON-DIFFRACTION
Issue Date
201507
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
PROGRESS IN MATERIALS SCIENCE, v.72, pp.141 - 337
Abstract
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) have emerged as energy conversion devices in achieving high efficiency of over 70% with regeneration. The critical components of SOFC include anode, electrolyte, and cathode. However, for a stack of individual SOFCs, the evaluation of sealants and interconnects are also essential. In this review article, material selection, fundamentals of operation and underlying mechanisms, processing, microstructural and phase characterization, and the functionality and performance of individual SOFC components are presented in detail. The major challenges and complexity in functional section of SOFC include: (i) poisoning via sulfur and coke deposition, surface diffusion of adsorbate, and charge transfer at triple-phase boundary (TPB) in anode, (ii) hindered O-2(-) migration that converts chemical energy into electrical energy in the solid electrolyte (thus, the creation of ion transfer channels, ease of O-2(-) migration, dissociation of vacancy around dopants, straining of lattice, and other factors such as control of phase and its distribution, grain and grain boundary conductivity, become critical in designing the electrolytes for SOFCs), (iii) multiple rate determining factors such as geometry of active surfaces, and existence of overpotential, in cathode (thereby, comprehensive electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is required for the analysis of solid cathodes in SOFC), (iv) chemical incompatibility and instability in both oxidizing and reducing environments while matching the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) in the interconnects in order to sustain large number of thermal cycling during the operation of SOFC, and (v) isolation of the fuel and oxidizing gases while matching the CfE of the anode, cathode and interconnects, using sealant. Moreover, the glass-transition of sealant dictates the maximum allowable working temperature of SOFC. Thus, the necessitated temporal progress in material selection along with a detailed insight into the conceptual role of thermodynamics and kinetics of surface/cell reactions, effect of phases and microstructure on conductivity, fuel flexibility and deterioration in performance of individual fuel cell components, and evolution of new materials are coherently presented. This article provides a comprehensive review with respect to the structure, chemistry, design and selection of materials, underlying mechanisms, and performance of each SOFC component, and it opens up the future directions towards pursuing SOFC research. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/31573http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmatsci.2015.01.001
ISSN
0079-6425
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중앙도서관 > rims journal
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