Effective Population Size and Signatures of Selection Using Bovine 50K SNP Chips in Korean Native Cattle (Hanwoo)

Title
Effective Population Size and Signatures of Selection Using Bovine 50K SNP Chips in Korean Native Cattle (Hanwoo)
Author(s)
김종주리이[리이]
Keywords
LINKAGE DISEQUILIBRIUM MAPS; POSITIVE SELECTION; GENOMIC SELECTION; HOLSTEIN CATTLE; ANGUS CATTLE; POLYMORPHISM; INFORMATION; DIVERSITY; EVOLUTION; EXTENT
Issue Date
201507
Publisher
LIBERTAS ACAD
Citation
EVOLUTIONARY BIOINFORMATICS, v.11
Abstract
Inferring the effective population size and the pattern of selection signatures is of interest both from an evolutionary perspective and to improve models for mapping of quantitative trait genes. We used DNA samples of 61 sires and 486 progeny of the Hanwoo, genotyped by the Illumina Bovine SNP50 BeadChip, to analyze the genetic structure. Our study showed a persistent decline in effective population size throughout the period considered, but suggested a marked decline at one distinctive time point (100th generation) and two sharp decline intervals (50th-25th generation and 25th-10th generation). This pattern can be explained by Hanwoo formation and the modern breeding program. Our results revealed 95 regions exhibiting the footprint of recent positive selection at a threshold level of 0.01. We found an overlap of the 11 core regions presenting top P-values and those that had previously been identified as harboring quantitative trait loci from other breeds. The information generated from this study can be used to better understand the mechanism of selection in Hanwoo breeding, and provide important implications for the design and application of association studies in the Hanwoo population.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/31572http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EBO.S24359
ISSN
1176-9343
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생명공학부 > 생명공학부 > Articles
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