Novel dual-reverse thermosensitive solid lipid nanoparticle-loaded hydrogel for rectal administration of flurbiprofen with improved bioavailability and reduced initial burst effect

Title
Novel dual-reverse thermosensitive solid lipid nanoparticle-loaded hydrogel for rectal administration of flurbiprofen with improved bioavailability and reduced initial burst effect
Author(s)
김종오파카르딘[파카르딘]오메르[오메르]김동욱[김동욱]레마나[레마나]박종혁[박종혁]최주연구세광[구세광]용철순최한곤[최한곤]
Keywords
IN-VIVO EVALUATION; DRUG-DELIVERY SYSTEM; LIQUID SUPPOSITORY; TRANSDERMAL DELIVERY; FORMULATION; NANOMICELLES; TEMPERATURE; DIAZEPAM; CARRIERS; SALT
Issue Date
201508
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS AND BIOPHARMACEUTICS, v.94, pp.64 - 72
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to develop novel solid lipid nanoparticle (SLN)-loaded dual-reverse thermosensitive hydrogel (DRTH) for rectal administration of flurbiprofen with improved bioavailability and reduced initial burst effect. The flurbiprofen-loaded SLNs were prepared by hot homogenisation technique, after optimising the amounts of lipid mixture (tricaprin and triethanolamine in 8:2 weight ratio), drug and surfactant. The flurbiprofen-loaded thermosensitive SLN composed of drug, lipid mixture and surfactant at a weight ratio of 10/1511.3 was a solid at room temperature, and changed to liquid form at physiological temperature due to its melting point of about 32 degrees C. This SLN gave the mean particle size of about 190 nm and entrapment efficiency of around 90%. The DRTHs were prepared by adding this flurbiprofen-loaded thermosensitive SLN in various poloxamer solutions. Their rheological characterisation, release and stability were investigated while a morphological and pharmacokinetic study was performed after its rectal administration to rats compared with the drug and hydrogel. Poloxamer 188 and SLN decreased the gelation temperature and gelation time, but increased the viscosity at 25 degrees C, gel strength and mucoadhesive force of DRTHs. In particular, the DRTH composed of [SLN/P 407/P 188 (10%/15%/25%)] with the gelation temperature of about 35 degrees C existed as liquid at room temperature, but gelled at 30-36 degrees C, leading to opposite reversible property of SLN. Thus, it was easy to administer rectally, and it gelled rapidly inside the body. This DRTH gave a significantly increased dissolution rate of the drug as compared to the flurbiprofen, but significantly retarded as compared to the hydrogel, including the initial dissolution rate. Moreover, this DRTH gave significantly higher plasma concentration and 7.5-fold AUC values compared to the drug, and lower initial plasma concentration and C-max value compared to the hydrogel due to reduced initial burst effect. No damage in rectal mucosa was observed after the application of DRTH. Thus, this DRTH system with improved bioavailability and reduced initial burst effect would be recommended as an alternative for the flurbiprofen-loaded rectal pharmaceutical products. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/31373http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpb.2015.04.019
ISSN
0939-6411
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약학대학 > 약학부 > Articles
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