metaphor; philosophical/psychological theory; syntactic/semantic theory; pragmatic theory; cognitive theory
신영어영문학, no.58, pp.161 - 181
This paper aims to pursue various types of widely accepted theories of metaphor and their evolutionary process, for this study will make us understand more clearly how metaphor works and how it is recognized. On the one hand, this paper deals with philosophical and psychological approaches to metaphor led by I. A. Richards, W. K. Wimsatt, Monroe C. Beardsley, and Wheelwright. On the other hand, this paper surveys theories on metaphor raised by the three linguistic circles. First, Noam Chomsky and Robert J. Matthews approach metaphor as typical examples of syntactic and semantic deviances. Second, pragmatic theories emerge as a way to go beyond the limits of syntactic and semantic approaches. Paul Grice, Michael J. Reddy, and John R. Searle attack the defects of the syntactic and semantic views. Third, cognitive approaches explore the nature of metaphor in a wider perspective. They stress not only inner conceptualizing, but also outer conceptualizing including custom and culture experienced by man who exists in the world.