구강기능향상운동과 노인의 구강기능 및 의치만족도와의 관련성
- 구강기능향상운동과 노인의 구강기능 및 의치만족도와의 관련성
- Other Titles
- Effects of Oral Exercise on Oral Function and Denture Satisfaction of the Elderly
- 황태윤; 김주영[김주영]; 문원숙[문원숙]; 이경수
- Denture; Oral health; Elderly
- Issue Date
- 농촌의학.지역보건, v.40, no.3, pp.158 - 170
- Objective: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of oral exercise on oral function and denture satisfaction of the elderly using dentures.
Methods: The study was conducted with targets of the elderly in the 13 senior community centers in Cheongsong-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do from September 2013 to April 2014. The study subjects were divided into two groups, the intervention group provided with 8 week oral exercise program and the control group without exercise. The data on oral function, denture satisfaction and oral health related quality of life (OHIP-14) were analyzed among the 79 subjects from the intervention group and the 71 subjects from the control group.
Results: For oral function, salivary flow rate, mouth opening, pronunciation and salty taste were significantly improved in the intervention group (p<0.01). There were significant differences in salivary flow rate, mouth opening, pronunciation and salty taste between the two groups (p<0.01). For denture satisfaction, there were significant differences in masticatory function, fixing function, general treatment satisfaction and total denture satisfaction between the two groups (p<0.05). There were significant differences between the two groups in the total points of oral health related quality of life.
Conclusion: Oral exercise was effective in improving oral function and denture satisfaction of the elderly using dentures. To improve oral health related quality of life of the elderly further researches and programs will be necessary.
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