Gyonyoga; Genyoga written by father; Bukgeongga; Lee Jungen; Bettle song; 교녀가; 변형 계녀가; 남성작 계녀가; 북정가; 이중언; 베틀노래
어문학, no.125, pp.147 - 181
<Gyonyoga> is a kind of genyoga, which was written by father fordaughters who lost their mother early. The author is conjectured to beLee Jungen who also wrote <Bukgeongga>. This is the first study on<Gyonyoga>. There are 4 editions of <Gyonyoga> among which<Gyonyoga> possessed by Yangju Song is the complete work.
<Gyonyoga> contained various contents focusing alert about wrongdoing and discipline about well doing as two pillars. It warns wrongdoing, and behavior focusing on Genyoga item. In well doing, it isbased on theory of Taeguk, the basic of Confucianism explaining theorigin of all things in the universe. And, as for behavior of women, itfocused on sewing and spinning and the proprieties of food. While<Gyonyoga> is a full－length work, it has outstanding structuralunification overall. <Gyonyoga> not only deals with the warningagainst evil and admonition for good behavior as the broad structure,but also have structural density shown in ‘sewing and spinning songs’,which demonstrated the characteristics of male writer pursuingorganized writing from the first. And ‘sewing and spinning songs’ in<Gyonyoga> connected to the recommendation on the mind of women.
Father as the author of <Gyonyoga> regarded the mind rulingimportant based on the Confucian view of the world precedent to theimportance of behavior. While it is positive to explain difficult issueseasily for the understanding of daughters, it stresses the didacticpurpose too much, which could be a limit of literature for women.
Meanwhile, ‘Bettle song as a folk song is a work song composedby women. Accordingly, it contains emotion and suffering of women’slife. But, ‘Bettle song’ in <Gyonyoga> was composed by a man.
Accordingly, emotion and suffering of women’s life was not the subject of consideration to the author of <Gyonyoga>. Narrativity of ‘Bettlesong’ is also closely related to the fact that it is song of women.
Narrative story itself stirs curiosity of women, and women can becomforted regardless of its reality. To the contrary, ‘Bettle song’ in<Gyonyoga> completely excluded narrative story and did not includeany emotional expression on the life of women. That is because ‘Bettlesong’ was used for the didactic purpose from the perspective of maleas a part of <Gyonyoga> regardless of the authorship of the song.