A number of kidney diseases of childhood may present as isolated proteinuriaor/and hematuria, without any overt signs or symptoms. Urinalysis is a simpleand inexpensive test used to evaluate various renal disorders. A school urinescreening (SUS) program for kidney disease was conducted in Korea in 1998.
Several research reports, including case reports and systemic reviews of SUS data,claimed that early detection and confirmatory diagnosis by renal biopsy seemsto be helpful for determining the prognosis and intervention of progressive chronicrenal disease. However, there is no global consensus as to whether screening forchronic kidney disease (CKD) should be undertaken in children and adolescents.
This paper reviews the SUS for CKD in Korea, including the history and structureof the program, its assessment, related research, and associated problems.