Opportunities and risks in Turkmenistan's quest for diversification of its gas export routes

Title
Opportunities and risks in Turkmenistan's quest for diversification of its gas export routes
Author(s)
이유신
Keywords
RUSSIA
Issue Date
201411
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
ENERGY POLICY, v.74, pp.330 - 339
Abstract
This paper applies two hypotheses regarding weak state foreign policy to analyze the opportunities and risks in Turkmenistan's quest to diversify its gas export routes, especially since 2006. The first hypothesis, related to opportunities, is that competition among major powers over the allegiance of weak states strengthens their bargaining power. The second hypothesis, related to risks, is that the diversification policies of weak states in times of decreasing competition among great powers incur the danger of simply replacing an old master with a new one. I argue that while the first hypothesis is useful in explaining the opportunities of Turkmenistan's diversification policies, especially before early 2009, the second hypothesis is helpful in accounting for the risks of these policies after early 2009. In other words, competition among four major powers, Russia, China, the EU, and India, over Turkmenistan's gas pipeline system before early 2009 strengthened the country's bargaining power. In contrast, Turkmenistan's diversification policies in times of fading competition after early 2009 have left it increasingly exposed to the potential risk of replacing its old master, Russia, with a new one, China. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/30434http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2014.08.003
ISSN
0301-4215
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정치행정대학 > 정치외교학과 > Articles
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