Curcumin inhibits leptin gene expression and secretion in breast cancer cells by estrogen receptors

Title
Curcumin inhibits leptin gene expression and secretion in breast cancer cells by estrogen receptors
Author(s)
주상우Kazem Nejati-Koshki[Kazem Nejati-Koshki]Abolfazl Akbarzadeh[Abolfazl Akbarzadeh]Mohammad Pourhassan-Moghaddam[Mohammad Pourhassan-Moghaddam]요네스피로즈살라리
Keywords
DRUG-DELIVERY; GROWTH-FACTOR; IN-VITRO; BETA; NANOPARTICLES; ACTIVATION; TISSUE; ALPHA; LINE; IDENTIFICATION
Issue Date
201412
Publisher
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
Citation
CANCER CELL INTERNATIONAL, v.14
Abstract
Background: Recent studies suggested that leptin as a mitogenic factor might play an important role in the process of initiation and progression of human cancer. Therefore, it could be considered as a target for breast cancer therapy. A previous study has showed that expression of leptin gene could be modulated by activation of estrogen receptors. Curcumin is a diferuloylmethane that has been shown to interfere with multiple cell signaling pathways and extensive research over the last 50 years has indicated this polyphenol can both prevent and treat cancer. Based on the fact that targeting of leptin could be considered as a novel strategy for breast cancer therapy, the aim of this study is the investigation of potentiality of curcumin for inhibition of leptin gene expression and secretion, and also, its link with expression of estrogen receptors. Methods: Cytotoxic effect of curcumin on T47D breast cancer cells was investigated by MTT assay test after 24 and 48 treatments. Thereafter, the cells treated with different concentrations of curcumin. The levels of leptin, estrogen receptor a and estrogen receptor beta genes expression was measured in the treated and control cells by Reverse-transcription real-time PCR. Amount of secreted leptin in the culture medium was also determined by ELISA in both treated and untreated cells. Finally data were statistically analyzed by one-way ANOVA test. Results: Analysis of MTT assay data showed that curcumin inhibits growth of T47D cells with dose dependent manner. There were also significant difference between control and treated cells in the levels of leptin, estrogen receptor a expression levels and the quantity of secreted leptin that both were decreased in the treated cells compared with control cells. Conclusion: Based on the results, curcumin inhibits the expression and secretion of leptin and it could probably be used as a drug candidate for the breast cancer therapy through the leptin targeting in the future.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/30342http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-2867-14-66
ISSN
1475-2867
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공과대학 > 기계공학부 > Articles
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