Ambient-temperature fabrication of microporous carbon terminated with graphene walls by sputtering process for hydrogen storage applications

Title
Ambient-temperature fabrication of microporous carbon terminated with graphene walls by sputtering process for hydrogen storage applications
Author(s)
주상우바너지나라얀민봉기
Keywords
NANOPOROUS CARBONS; DEPOSITION; GRAPHITE; IRRADIATION; ELECTRON; FILMS; NANOSTRUCTURES; PARTICLES; ENERGIES; CLUSTERS
Issue Date
201306
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Citation
THIN SOLID FILMS, v.537, pp.49 - 57
Abstract
A very thin amorphous carbon film (10-30 nm), has been bombarded with sputtered Cr nanoparticles, resulting in inelastic collision between the nanoparticles and the nuclei of the C-atoms causing atom displacement and re-arrangement into graphene layers. The process occurs at ambient temperature. Fabrication of graphitic microporous carbon terminated with few-to-multilayer graphene walls has been verified by Raman spectroscopy and scanning transmission electron microscopy. High resolution transmission electron micrographs reveal that the formation of graphene layers is highly sensitive to the sputtering parameters. With a gradual increase in the sputtering voltage/current density/time from 3.5 kV/40 mA-cm(-2)/1.0 min to 5.0 kV/70 mA-cm(-2)/3.0 min the graphitic domains are found to transform from semi-graphitized layers to well-defined, highly ordered, larger-area graphene walls within the microporous network. The mechanism of this graphitic microporous carbon formation is assumed to be due to two simultaneous processes: in one hand, the sputtering plasma, containing energetic ions and sub-atomic particles, act as dry-etchant to activate the a: C film to transform it into microporous carbon, whereas on the other hand, the charged metal nanoparticle/ion bombardment under sputtering resulted in the inelastic collision between the nanoparticles/ions and the nuclei of the C atoms followed by atom displacement (and displacement cascade) and re-arrangement into ordered structure to formgraphitic domains within the microporous carbon network. H-2 storage experiment of the samples depicts excellent hydrogen storage properties. This simple, cost-effective, complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor-compatible, single-step process of metal-graphene hybrid nanomaterial formation may find interesting applications in the field of optoelectronics and biotechnology. Additionally, this method can be adopted easily for the incorporation of transition metals into graphene and similar graphitic carbon nanostructures and may enhance the hydrogen storage capacity for energy-related applications. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/29949http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2013.04.070
ISSN
0040-6090
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공과대학 > 기계공학부 > Articles
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