Treatment Outcome in Patients With Acute Superior Mesenteric Artery Embolism

Title
Treatment Outcome in Patients With Acute Superior Mesenteric Artery Embolism
Author(s)
윤우성Huh, Seung[Huh, Seung]Lee, Kyung Keun[Lee, Kyung Keun]Cho, Jayun[Cho, Jayun]Kim, Hyung-Kee[Kim, Hyung-Kee]
Keywords
SURGICAL-TREATMENT; ISCHEMIA; OCCLUSION; MANAGEMENT; UROKINASE; SURVIVAL; THROMBUS
Issue Date
201307
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Citation
ANNALS OF VASCULAR SURGERY, v.27, no.5, pp.613 - 620
Abstract
Purpose: The goals of this study were to investigate the treatment outcomes of acute mesenteric ischemia caused by superior mesenteric artery (SMA) embolism and identify the posttreatment prognostic factors. Methods: The clinical data of 32 episodes of acute SMA embolism in 30 patients, including 2 recurrent cases, between April 2003 and March 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Median patient age was 74 years (range, 39-89 years), and 50% were male. Conservative treatment, including bowel rest, nasogastric drainage, intravenous fluid therapy, parenteral nutritional support, and anticoagulation therapy, was undertaken in 5 patients with no clinical evidence of bowel gangrene, including 1 with recurrent ischemia. No deaths occurred among patients treated conservatively. A total of 27 patients were treated with open surgical repair (25 embolectomies and 2 bowel resections alone). Among 25 patients treated with embolectomy, 14 required bowel resection. Most bowel resections (94%, 15/16) were limited, with the remaining length of small bowel greater than 150 cm, which could not cause short bowel syndrome. In-hospital mortality of surgery was 30%. No variables were associated with mortality after surgical intervention, including, age, gender, presence of bowel gangrene, and symptom duration. The overall 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates after initial successful treatment were 96%, 73%, and 44%, respectively, regardless of treatment type. Conclusions: Prompt diagnosis and treatment before extensive irreversible gangrene is the mainstay in the treatment of SMA embolism. Limited bowel gangrene was not associated with mortality.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/29455http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2012.07.022
ISSN
0890-5096
Appears in Collections:
의과대학 > 성형외과학교실 > Articles
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE