경북방언의 지시 부정 형식 ‘글아이마, 글아이라, 글아이라도’등의 구성과 기원

Title
경북방언의 지시 부정 형식 ‘글아이마, 글아이라, 글아이라도’등의 구성과 기원
Other Titles
The construction and origin of the demonstrative negation forms ‘geulaima, geulaira, geulairado’ at the Gyeongbuk dialect in Korea.
Author(s)
이혁화
Keywords
Gyeongbuk dialect; conjugation form; construction; origin; diachronic change; 경북방언; 활용형; 구성; 기원; 통시적 변화
Issue Date
201203
Publisher
연세대학교 인문학연구원
Citation
인문과학, v.95, pp.59 - 82
Abstract
The demonstrative negation forms ‘geulaima, geulaira, geulairado’ at the Gyeongbuk dialect in Korea are synchronically the conjugation forms of the verb stem ‘geulai-’. In other words, if the verb stem ‘geulai-’ and the endings ‘-ma, -ra, -rado’ are combined, they can be done. The verb stem ‘geulai-’ can be devided into the demonstrative form ‘geul’ and the negation verb stem ‘ani-’ once again. It is one of the most unique stem which can be rarely founded at any dialects in Korea. It is the descendant of the middle Korean construction ‘geuri ani-’. The middle Korean construction ‘geuri ani-’ can be translated into noun negation form “It is not ...”, and the ‘geuri’ functioned as the noun at the middle Korean stage. The demonstrative negation verb stem at the Gyeongbuk dialect ‘geulai-’ can be analysed into ‘geul-ai-’, ‘geul’means ‘it’ and ‘ai-’ means ‘...is not...’. So we can find the formal and functional correspondences between the Gyeongbuk dialect verb stem ‘geulai-’ and the middle Korean construction ‘geuri ani-’. Diachronically, we can deduce that the historical linguistic change took place, likewise ‘geuri ani-ra > geuri-ani-ra > geul-ani-ra >geul-ai-ra’. The deletion of high vowel ‘i’ and the deletion of ‘n’ in front of vowel ‘i’are common in Korean linguistic development.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/29394
ISSN
1229-6201
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문과대학 > 국어국문학과 > Articles
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