Prevalence of extracardiac findings in the evaluation of ischemic heart disease by multidetector computed tomography
- Prevalence of extracardiac findings in the evaluation of ischemic heart disease by multidetector computed tomography
- 박종선; 조정환[조정환]; 최윤정[최윤정]; 조인호; 김영조; 신동구; 이상희
- CORONARY-ARTERY-DISEASE; CT ANGIOGRAPHY; METAANALYSIS
- Issue Date
- SCIENCE PRESS
- JOURNAL OF GERIATRIC CARDIOLOGY, v.10, no.3, pp.242 - 246
- Objective Multidector computed tomography (MDCT) is now commonly used for the evaluation of coronary artery disease. Because MDCT images include many non-cardiac organs and the patient population evaluated is highly susceptible to extracardiac diseases, this study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of extracardiac findings in the MDCT evaluation of ischemic heart disease. Methods From March 2007 to March 2008, a total of six-hundred twenty patients, who underwent 64-slice MDCT evaluations for chest pain, or dyspnea, were enrolled in this study. Cardiac and non-cardiac findings were comprehensively evaluated by a radiologist. Results Enrolled patients included 306 men (49.4%), with a mean age of 66 years. Significant coronary artery stenosis was found in 41.6% of the patients. A total of 158 extracardiac findings were observed in 110 (17.7%) patients. Commonly involved extracardiac organs were lung (36.7%), hepatobiliary system (21.5%), thyroid (19.6%), kidney (10.8%), spine (9.7%) and breast (0.6%). Of those 110 patients, 50 (45.5%) patients underwent further diagnostic investigations. Malignant disease was detected in three (2.7%) patients (lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, and thyroid cancer). Conclusions Extracardiac findings are frequently present and should be a concern in the MDCT evaluation of chest pain syndrome.
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