Diverse role of fast growing rhizobia in growth promotion and enhancement of psoralen content in Psoralea corylifolia L

Title
Diverse role of fast growing rhizobia in growth promotion and enhancement of psoralen content in Psoralea corylifolia L
Author(s)
비벡바지파이Chandra Prabha[Chandra Prabha]D.K.Maheshwari[D.K.Maheshwari]
Keywords
MACROPHOMINA-PHASEOLINA; ACID PRODUCTION; CHARCOAL ROT; BACTERIA; SUPPRESSION; CHROMATOGRAPHY; SIDEROPHORE; STRAINS; SOIL
Issue Date
201310
Publisher
MEDKNOW PUBLICATIONS & MEDIA PVT LTD
Citation
PHARMACOGNOSY MAGAZINE, v.9, no.36, pp.57 - 65
Abstract
Background: Psoralea corylifolia (Bakuchi), a weed, which possesses a highly potent and medicinally important compound psoralen. P. corylifolia has been widely exploited since ages for its biological potential. Materials and Methods: Fifteen root nodulating bacteria as pure culture collection (PCC) were isolated from P. corylifolia in India. Further, these strains were evaluated for their effect on the psoralen content in P. corylifolia. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was used for the estimation of psoralen in P. corylifolia seed extracts. The effectiveness of these rhizobial strains was assessed on the basis of screening of various plant growth promoting attributes. Results: The 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing analysis revealed the identity of two most effective rhizobial isolates PCC2 and PCC7 as Rhizobium leguminosarum and Sinorhizobium meliloti, respectively. The R. leguminosarum PCC2 (JN546144) and Ensifer meliloti PCC7 (JN546145) strains showed solubilization of insoluble inorganic phosphate, secreted indole acetic acid (IAA), produced siderophore, showed ACC deaminase activity, and were positive for nodulation and nitrogen fixing genes. Seeds of P. corylifolia were bacterized with combination of R. leguminosarum PCC2 and Ensifer meliloti PCC7 along with their individual application that resulted in enhancement of various early vegetative and late reproduction parameters of plants in two consecutive field trials in the year 2009 and 2010. The psoralen content in the seeds of P. corylifolia was observed to be increased in the field trials where the combination of rhizobial strains PCC2 and PCC7 was used (2.79%) compared to control (1.91%). Conclusion: These findings indicate that rhizobial strains PCC2 and PCC7 showing good plant growth promoting attributes can be effective for increasing the psoralen content in the seeds of P. corylifolia to a certain level.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/28782http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0973-1296.117870
ISSN
0973-1296
Appears in Collections:
중앙도서관 > rims journal
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