CYP2J2 and CYP2C19 Are the Major Enzymes Responsible for Metabolism of Albendazole and Fenbendazole in Human Liver Microsomes and Recombinant P450 Assay Systems

Title
CYP2J2 and CYP2C19 Are the Major Enzymes Responsible for Metabolism of Albendazole and Fenbendazole in Human Liver Microsomes and Recombinant P450 Assay Systems
Author(s)
강원구Zhexue Wu[Zhexue Wu]이두현[이두현]주정민[주정민]신정훈[신정훈]오상택[오상택]이두엽[이두엽]이수준[이수준]예성수[예성수]이혜숙[이혜숙]이태호[이태호]유광현[유광현]
Keywords
HUMAN CYTOCHROME-P450 2J2; SOLID-PHASE SYNTHESIS; BENZIMIDAZOLE ANTHELMINTICS; S-MEPHENYTOIN; PHARMACOKINETICS; IDENTIFICATION; INHIBITION; OXIDATION; HYDROXYEBASTINE; DERIVATIVES
Issue Date
201311
Publisher
AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
Citation
ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY, v.57, no.11, pp.5448 - 5456
Abstract
Albendazole and fenbendazole are broad-spectrum anthelmintics that undergo extensive metabolism to form hydroxyl and sulfoxide metabolites. Although CYP3A and flavin-containing monooxygenase have been implicated in sulfoxide metabolite formation, the enzymes responsible for hydroxyl metabolite formation have not been identified. In this study, we used human liver microsomes and recombinant cytochrome P450s (P450s) to characterize the enzymes involved in the formation of hydroxyalbendazole and hydroxyfenbendazole from albendazole and fenbendazole, respectively. Of the 10 recombinant P450s, CYP2J2 and/or CYP2C19 was the predominant enzyme catalyzing the hydroxylation of albendazole and fenbendazole. Albendazole hydroxylation to hydroxyalbendazole is primarily mediated by CYP2J2 (0.34 mu l/min/pmol P450, which is a rate 3.9- and 8.1-fold higher than the rates for CYP2C19 and CYP2E1, respectively), whereas CYP2C19 and CYP2J2 contributed to the formation of hydroxyfenbendazole from fenbendazole (2.68 and 1.94 mu l/min/pmol P450 for CYP2C19 and CYP2J2, respectively, which are rates 11.7- and 8.4-fold higher than the rate for CYP2D6). Correlation analysis between the known P450 enzyme activities and the rate of hydroxyalbendazole and hydroxyfenbendazole formation in samples from 14 human liver microsomes showed that albendazole hydroxylation correlates with CYP2J2 activity and fenbendazole hydroxylation correlates with CYP2C19 and CYP2J2 activities. These findings were supported by a P450 isoform-selective inhibition study in human liver microsomes. In conclusion, our data for the first time suggest that albendazole hydroxylation is primarily catalyzed by CYP2J2, whereas fenbendazole hydroxylation is preferentially catalyzed by CYP2C19 and CYP2J2. The present data will be useful in understanding the pharmacokinetics and drug interactions of albendazole and fenbendazole in vivo.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/28472http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.00843-13
ISSN
0066-4804
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