Combination of photocatalytic and photoelectro-Fenton/citrate processes for dye degradation using immobilized N-doped TiO2 nanoparticles and a cathode with carbon nanotubes: Central composite design optimization

Title
Combination of photocatalytic and photoelectro-Fenton/citrate processes for dye degradation using immobilized N-doped TiO2 nanoparticles and a cathode with carbon nanotubes: Central composite design optimization
Author(s)
주상우Alireza Khataee[Alireza Khataee]Hadi Marandizadeh[ Hadi Marandizadeh]Behrouz Vahid[Behrouz Vahid]Mahmoud Zarei[Mahmoud Zarei]
Keywords
RESPONSE-SURFACE METHODOLOGY; TITANIUM-DIOXIDE NANOPARTICLES; VISIBLE-LIGHT PHOTOCATALYSIS; PHOTO-FENTON DEGRADATION; OPERATIONAL PARAMETERS; ELECTRO-FENTON; WASTE-WATER; AQUEOUS-SOLUTION; IRRADIATION; MINERALIZATION
Issue Date
201311
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Citation
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AND PROCESSING, v.73, pp.103 - 110
Abstract
In this report, commercial TiO2 nanoparticles were doped with nitrogen by a manual grinding method using urea. The prepared catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). N-doped TiO2 was immobilized on ceramic plates by methyl tri-methoxy silane. Next, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were stabilized on carbon paper to fabricate the cathode. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was employed to confirm stabilization of the CNTs. The prepared cathode and immobilized catalyst were utilized for the degradation of C.I. Direct Red 23 (DR23) by the photoelectro-Fenton (PEF) process in the presence of citrate (Cit) combined with a photocatalytic process. The coupled PEF/Cit/N-TiO2 process could be performed under visible light, not only due to the formation of iron-citrate complexes, but also because of the incorporation of nitrogen to the crystalline structure of TiO2 and the generation of TiO2 complexes with electrogenerated H2O2. Results demonstrated that the degradation efficiency of DR23 (20 mg/L) using the identical operational conditions, followed a decreasing order of: PEF/Cit/N-TiO2 > PEF/Cit > PEF > EF > N-TiO2. Eventually, a model was developed by the central composite design (CCD) method, describing the degradation efficiency as a function of the operational parameters. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/28452http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cep.2013.07.007
ISSN
0255-2701
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공과대학 > 기계공학부 > Articles
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