‘땅’의 문화적 의미: 윌리엄 워즈워스의 「마이클」 읽기

Title
‘땅’의 문화적 의미: 윌리엄 워즈워스의 「마이클」 읽기
Other Titles
The Cultural Meaning of the Land: A Reading of William Wordsworth's “Michael”
Author(s)
김재오
Keywords
William Wordsworth; ‘domestic feelings; ' land; “Michael; ” culture; cultivation; human development.
Issue Date
201205
Publisher
한국18세기영문학회
Citation
18세기영문학, v.9, no.1, pp.1 - 26
Abstract
New historicist readers of “Michael” argue that Wordsworth ignores Michael's socioeconomic predicament and tries to resolve important social issues with an aesthetic engagement. Although “Michael” is set in the historical event of the second enclosure movement, Wordsworth's main interest lies in the restoration of ‘domestic feelings' which were at the stake of rapidly disintegrating in the process of industrialization and urbanization. This paper explores the meaning of Wordsworth's attempt to rewrite the history based on the succession of cultural memory, focusing on Michael's choice of sending his son, Luke, to the city for keeping his patrimonial land. Michael's workplace, fields and hills have great impacts on shaping of his mind and sensibility which defies privatization and constitutes a cultural tradition. Thus, his little tract of land is the place where ‘domestic feelings' are produced, preserved, and transmitted, as evidently shown in the scene of Michael and Luke's collaborative work. That's the reason why Michael sticks to his land and makes a rather unreasonable choice. Michael expects Luke to make money in the city and to return home to free the mortgage on land, but Luke slides into the wrong direction and ruins his life. While the story of Michael's family is the story of failure, loss, and suffering, it presents the conceptual bridge of culture between ‘cultivation' and ‘human development.' The laboring life of Michael's family in the fields embodies the formative experience of an individual's placing himself in the tradition and community through emotional maturity, and serves as an alternative way of life distinguished from the main trend of a mechanical civilization.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/28207
ISSN
1976-0930
Appears in Collections:
문과대학 > 영어영문학과 > Articles
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