Effects of AlOx incorporation into atomic layer deposited Ru thin films: Applications to Cu direct plating technology

Title
Effects of AlOx incorporation into atomic layer deposited Ru thin films: Applications to Cu direct plating technology
Author(s)
김수현홍태은[홍태은]천태훈김정규[김정규]박영배[박영배]김명준[김명준]권오중[권오중]김재정[김재정]
Keywords
COPPER DIFFUSION BARRIER; SOLAR-CELLS; TIN FILMS; RUTHENIUM; ELECTRODEPOSITION; INTERCONNECTS; METALLIZATION; AL2O3; PERFORMANCE; IMPROVEMENT
Issue Date
201312
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Citation
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, v.580, pp.72 - 81
Abstract
Ru-based ternary, RuAlO thin films for applications as diffusion barriers for the direct plating of Cu interconnects were grown using atomic layer deposition (ALD) by repeating super-cycles consisting of Ru and AlOx ALD sub-cycles at 225 degrees C. The intermixing ratios of Ru and AlOx in the RuAlO films were controlled by changing the total number of AlOx ALD unit cycles at a fixed number of Ru cycles to 200. Rutherford backscattering spectrometry and secondary ion mass spectrometry showed that the Al and O content in the film increased with increasing the total number of AlOx ALD unit cycles but the Ru content decreased. Moreover, their relative amounts in the RuAlO films had considerable effects on the performance as a Cu diffusion barrier as well as on their properties, such as resistivity, crystallinity and microstructure. The resistivity of the RuAlO film deposited with a total number of AlOx unit cycles of 4 was similar to 125 mu Omega cm, and its resistivity increased continuously with increasing the total number of AlOx unit cycles. X-ray diffraction and electron diffraction revealed a decrease in the crystallinity and grain size of the Ru film by the incorporation of AlOx into Ru by adding AlOx cycles. The performance of the RuAlO films as a Cu direct-plateable diffusion barrier in terms of both the diffusion barrier performance against Cu and the interfacial adhesion energy between Cu and SiO2 improved with increasing the amount of AlOx in the RuAlO film. The direct plating and superfilling of Cu on RuAlO film was possible in a trench (80, 140 nm of width and 150 nm of depth) though the resistivity of the RuAlO film was as high as 210 mu Omega cm. It was also confirmed that the no interfacial oxide was grown when the ALD-RuAlO film was deposited on Cu surface. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/28078http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2013.05.035
ISSN
0925-8388
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공과대학 > 신소재공학부 > Articles
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