Predictive factors of the outcome of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy for ureteral stones

Predictive factors of the outcome of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy for ureteral stones
acute pyelonephritis; adult; aged; article; computer assisted tomography; controlled study; extracorporeal lithotripsy; female; hematoma; human; hydronephrosis; kidney hypertrophy; major clinical study; male; prediction; treatment failure; treatment outcome; ureter stone
Issue Date
Korean Journal of Urology, v.53, no.6, pp.424 - 430
Purpose: Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) has shown successful outcomes for ureteral stones. We investigated predictive factors for failure of ESWL for treating ureteral stones. Materials and Methods: A total of 153 patients who underwent ESWL between July 2006 and July 2009 for ureteral stones diagnosed by non-enhanced spiral computed tomography were divided into two groups: (group A, stone size ��10 mm; and group B, stone size ��10 mm). The failure was defined as remnant stones >4 mm. We assessed age, sex, body mass index, stone size, laterality, location, skin-to-stone distance (SSD), Hounsfield unit, and the presence of secondary signs (hydronephrosis, renal enlargement, perinephric fat stranding, and tissue rim sign). We analyzed predictive factors by using logistic regression in each group. Results: The success rates were 90.2% and 68.6% in group A and B, respectively. In the univariate analysis of each group, stone size, SSD, and all secondary signs showed statistically significant differences in terms of the outcome of ESWL (p<0.05). In the multivariate logistic regression, stone size (odds ratio [OR], 50.005; 95% confidence interval [CI], 6.207 to 402.852) was an independent predictive factor in group A. The presence of perinephric fat standing (OR, 77.634; 95% CI, 1.349 to 446.558) and stone size (OR, 19.718; 95% CI, 1.600 to 243.005) were independent predictive factors in group B. Conclusions: Stone size is an independent predictive factor influencing failure of ESWL for treating ureteral stones. In larger ureteral stones (>10 mm), the presence of perinephric fat stranding is also an independent predictive factor. ? The Korean Urological Association, 2012.
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의과대학 > 영상의학과학교실 > Articles
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