문화대혁명; 극좌파; 조반파; 광동; 파리코뮌; the Cultural Revolution; the ultra-leftists; rebels; Guangdong; the Paris Commune
역사학보, no.220, pp.187 - 214
The ultra-leftists of Guangdong indicates the radical rebels who desperately opposed central party leadership, the armed forces, and the revolutionary committee. They overtly reject instructions from the central party leadership, tried to disunite the military to root out a small number of capitalist roaders within the military, deny the revolutionary committee and insist on a thorough revolution in accordance with “privileged hierarchial theory.” Modelling the Paris Commune, they relied on Mao Zedong who encouraged the seizure of power against the established system, and the instructions and the systematic network of the clique of the Cultural Revolution. However, the ultra-leftists were not mere followers of the clique of the Cultural Revolution. They shed light on the radical Cultural Revolution through the complete seizure of power, insisting on class conflicts within the military which received Mao's sanction, an ongoing armed struggle inside the public movement, and rejecting the instructions of the revolutionary committee. These ultra-leftists accordingly would not take any motion except propaganda under the process of the massive anti ultra-leftist movement. This suggests that the charisma and authority of the clique of the Cultural Revolution based on Mao Zedong were still in effect. Their challenge against the communist party and Mao Zedong increased, but there were disappointment and skepticism against the sanctity of the Cultural Revolution and Mao Zedong among some. Therefore, the phenomenon of “the increase of the old rebels and new peripateticism,” which arose under the process of the anti ultra-leftist movement is one of the consequences.