로젠크란츠와 길던스턴을 위한 변론: 타나톨로지를 넘어서

Title
로젠크란츠와 길던스턴을 위한 변론: 타나톨로지를 넘어서
Other Titles
An Apology for Rosencrantz and Guildenstern: Beyond Thanatology
Author(s)
임이연
Keywords
Stoppard; Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead; Shakespeare; Hamlet; Sartre; existence; death; thanatology; play
Issue Date
201206
Publisher
영미문학연구회
Citation
영미문학연구, no.22, pp.147 - 169
Abstract
One persistent interpretation of Tom Stoppard’s Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead is a moralistic one: the two protagonists are responsible for and well deserve their death. Examining its assumptions and pointing to its logical loopholes, this essay disputes the moralistic view and attempts at an apology for Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Their one “decisive” action of overlooking Hamlet’s death is defended as a result of their uncertainty and lack of memory. In addition, Stoppard’s Hamlet is no less mean and amoral by the same standard. Stoppard indeed allows the two characters some chances that may have affected their life and death, yet not just to the effect of a “moral lesson.” As Sartre says, all humans are “condemned” to be free and to choose. Measuring Rosencrantz and Guildenstern only against the grand narrative of Hamlet risks ignoring the micro-narratives that exist exterior to the Hamlet actions, which inform Rosencrantz and Guildenstern’s existence in a greater proportion than their playing the bit parts of courtiers at Elsinore. In the interstitial spaces,Guildenstern chooses to philosophize, Rosencrantz to play. Death forms the most significant topic for Guildenstern’s philosophizing; the play becomes a thanatology which actually prepares death for the two. Yet, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern dodge death by inhabiting the present fully through games and plays, inviting the audience to join.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/27745
ISSN
1976-197X
Appears in Collections:
문과대학 > 영어영문학과 > Articles
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