Replacing incandescent lamps with compact fluorescent lamps may delay flowering

Title
Replacing incandescent lamps with compact fluorescent lamps may delay flowering
Author(s)
Erik S. Runkle[Erik S. Runkle]Sonaly R. Padhye[Sonaly R. Padhye]오욱Kristen Getter[Kristen Getter]
Keywords
GRANDIFLORUM RAF. SHINN; LONG-DAY PLANTS; FAR-RED; LIGHT ENVIRONMENT; PHOTOPERIOD; IRRADIANCE; PROMOTES; GROWTH
Issue Date
201208
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE, v.143, pp.56 - 61
Abstract
The natural photoperiod is often modified in the commercial production of floriculture crops to promote or inhibit flowering. In addition, low-intensity lighting is sometimes provided in growth chambers to influence flowering of photoperiodic plants. Incandescent (INC) lamps have been commonly used to provide photoperiodic lighting, but they are being phased out of production because of their energy inefficiency. Here, we compared flowering and morphological responses of two short-day chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum x grandiflorum) potted varieties and four long-day (LD) plants grown in a controlled environment greenhouse at 20 degrees C with a truncated 9-h day and a 2- or 4-h night interruption (NI) or 6-h day extension (DE) lighting with INC lamps, compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), or a combination of the two (INC + CFLs). Bulb type had no effect on flowering percentage of campanula (Campanula ccupatica 'Pearl Deep Blue'). coreopsis (Coreopsis grandiflora 'Early Sunrise'), petunia (Petunia X hybrida 'Wave Purple Classic'), and rudbeckia (Rudbeckia hirta 'Becky Cinnamon Bicolor'). Within bulb type, the LD lighting regimen had no effect on flowering percentage, with the exception of chrysanthemum 'Bianca', in which the 4-h NI inhibited flowering more than the 2-h NI or 6-h DE treatments. However, petunia that received a 4-h NI or 6-h DE from CFLs flowered 2-3 weeks later than when the lighting treatments were provided by INC lamps. Therefore, complete replacement of INCs with CFLs can delay flowering in some crops such as petunia, whereas a hybrid approach (INC + CFL) or use of lamps that emit far-red light can alleviate this potential problem. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/27567http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2012.05.028
ISSN
0304-4238
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자연자원대학 > 원예생명과학과 > Articles
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