A study on the contact stresses of square ring under uniform squeeze rate and internal pressure by photoelastic experimental hybrid method
- A study on the contact stresses of square ring under uniform squeeze rate and internal pressure by photoelastic experimental hybrid method
- 아룬다; 남정환[남정환]; 임현석; 황재석
- O-RING; SEAL
- Issue Date
- KOREAN SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
- JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v.26, no.8, pp.2617 - 2626
- The square ring has over the past few years been used as an alternative sealing element to the O-ring, which has been used widely for a long time. The square ring geometry is believed to be especially suitable for axial static applications because its square form remains practically constant under high pressures, has a high resistance to extrusion, not sensitive to gap extrusion and high leak tightness. Some of these fundamental properties that are crucial in the design of a square ring can be justified by analysis of the stress distribution of the square ring under various loading conditions, especially under a combined loading of uniform squeeze and internal pressure. In order to justify these properties a stress frozen square ring under this combined loading condition of uniform squeeze rate and internal pressure was analyzed using the photoelastic experimental hybrid method to obtain the contact and internal stresses. This research confirmed that contrary to the established theory, the square ring extrudes at a lower pressure of 1.96 MPa. The photoelastic experimental hybrid method can adequately be used for stress analysis of square ring seals. Internal pressure plays a significant role in the design of the seals. As the internal pressure increases, the internal stresses also increase. Maximum internal stresses were observed in the region close to the extrusion gap at points 2 and 2'. The square ring experienced contact stress singularity on the upper end of the contact surface (point 2') on the front side and at point 2 on the upper side. The upper region experienced the largest contact stresses as well as internal stresses and so the fracture criterion of maximum shear stress should be applied in this region.
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