Nematicidal fluorescent pseudomonads for the in vitro and in vivo suppression of root knot (Meloidogyne incognita) of Capsicum annuum L.

Title
Nematicidal fluorescent pseudomonads for the in vitro and in vivo suppression of root knot (Meloidogyne incognita) of Capsicum annuum L.
Author(s)
비벡바지파이Verinder Wahla[Verinder Wahla]Dinesh K Maheshwari[Dinesh K Maheshwari]
Keywords
BIOCONTROL AGENTS; CHARCOAL ROT; PLANT; RHIZOBACTERIA; CHITINASE; PEANUT
Issue Date
201208
Publisher
WILEY-BLACKWELL
Citation
PEST MANAGEMENT SCIENCE, v.68, no.8, pp.1148 - 1155
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Considerable attention has been paid to plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), especially the fluorescent group of Pseudomonas species, as the best alternatives to chemicals for facilitating ecofriendly biological control of soil- and seedborne microorganisms. On the basis of their novel plant-growth-promoting attributes, two rhizobacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa VP1 and VP2 selected out of over 63 isolates from the rhizosphere of chilli (Capsicum annuum) were identified as potential candidates for biocontrol of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita on chilli. RESULTS: The nematicidal activity of both strains was evaluated in vitro and in vivo for their efficacy against M. incognita. P. aeruginosa VP2 exhibited strong nematicidal activity in comparison with VP1, based on the in vitro killing of the second-stage juveniles (J2) of M. incognita. Seed bacterisation with both strains VP1 and VP2 was able to manage root-knot M. incognita on chilli (C. annuum) in a pot trial study. Increase in root and shoot length and in fresh and dry weight of root and shoot and reduction in the root-knot index over the control were attained. In overall performance, VP2 was 29.5% more effective than VP1, and about 30% more effective than the control (non-bacterised). CONCLUSION: The application of P. aeruginosa VP1 and P. aeruginosa VP2 controls the development of M. incognita in C. annuum, and hence they are recommended as efficient plant growth promotors and biocontrolling agents for raising healthy crop of C. annuum that can promote the growth of plants and reduce the nematode (M. incognita) population. Copyright (c) 2012 Society of Chemical Industry
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/27497http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ps.3276
ISSN
1526-498X
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중앙도서관 > rims journal
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