A Ge inverse opal with porous walls as an anode for lithium ion batteries

Title
A Ge inverse opal with porous walls as an anode for lithium ion batteries
Author(s)
송태섭Yeryung Jeon[Yeryung Jeon]Monica Samal[Monica Samal]Hyungkyu Han[Hyungkyu Han]Hyunjung Park[Hyunjung Park]Jaehwan Ha[Jaehwan Ha]Dong Kee Yi[Dong Kee Yi]Jae-Man Choi[Jae-Man Choi]Hyuk Chang[Hyuk Chang]Young-Min Choi[Young-Min Choi]Ungyu Paik[Ungyu Paik]
Keywords
HIGH-CAPACITY; ELECTRODE MATERIALS; GERMANIUM; CARBON; FABRICATION; SILICON; CONVERSION; NANOWIRES; NANOTUBES; STORAGE
Issue Date
201210
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Citation
ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, v.5, no.10, pp.9028 - 9033
Abstract
Germanium holds great potential as an anode material for lithium ion batteries due to its large theoretical energy density and excellent intrinsic properties related to its kinetics associated with lithium and electrons. However, the problem related to the tremendous volume change of Ge during cycling is the dominant obstacle for its practical use. The previous research has focused on the improvement in mechanics associated with lithium without consideration of the kinetics. In this study, we demonstrate that the configuration engineering of the Ge electrode enables the improvement in kinetics as well as favorable mechanics. Two types of Ge inverse opal structures with porous walls and dense walls were prepared using a confined convective assembly method and by adjusting Ge deposition parameters in a chemical vapor deposition system. The Ge inverse opal electrode with porous walls shows much improved electrochemical performances, especially cycle performance and rate capability, than the electrode with dense walls. These improvements are attributed to a large free surface, which offers a facile strain relaxation pathway and a large lithium flux from the electrolyte to the active material.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/27156http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c2ee22358a
ISSN
1754-5692
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공과대학 > 신소재공학부 > Articles
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