Composite cathodes based on Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3-delta with porous Gd-doped ceria barrier layers for solid oxide fuel cells

Title
Composite cathodes based on Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3-delta with porous Gd-doped ceria barrier layers for solid oxide fuel cells
Author(s)
김혜경박영민[박영민]
Keywords
CONDUCTING OXYGEN ELECTRODES; PEROVSKITE-TYPE OXIDES; ELECTROCHEMICAL PERFORMANCE; SURFACE-AREA; SOFC; IMPEDANCE; RESISTANCE; MECHANISMS; OXIDATION; EXCHANGE
Issue Date
201210
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, v.37, no.20, pp.15320 - 15333
Abstract
Cobaltite-based perovskites based on Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3-delta (SSC) are attractive as a cathode material with a barrier layer for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) due to their high electrochemical activity and electrical conductivity. SSC, synthesized by a complex method, is used as a cathode material in a composite cathode with Gd-doped ceria (GDC). A porous GDC layer is fabricated as a barrier to resist reactions of SSC with yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ). The effects of the ratio of SSC on GDC in composite cathodes and the thickness of the GDC barrier are characterized in this study. An SOFC with an SSC7-GDC3 composite cathode on a 4 mu m GDC layer at 0.8 V yields the highest fuel cell performance: 1.24 W cm(-2) and 0.61 W cm(-2) at 780 degrees C and 680 degrees C, respectively. Impedance analysis indicates that the ohmic resistances are more dependent upon the GDC barrier thickness than the cathode composition. The polarization resistances at 780 degrees C and 730 degrees C exhibit similar values, but with decreasing temperature, the polarization resistances change dramatically according to the composition and barrier thickness. The ohmic and polarization resistances show different trends in different temperature ranges, due to the different charge transfer mechanisms of SSC and GDC within those temperature ranges. To obtain higher fuel cell performance, the addition of GDC into the porous SSC is effective, and the compositions of the composite cathode as well as the thickness of the barrier layer need to be optimized. Copyright (C) 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/27087http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.07.118
ISSN
0360-3199
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공과대학 > 신소재공학부 > Articles
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