Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; Combined type; Emotional recognition; Hit ratio; Decision making speed; 주의력결핍 과잉행동장애; 혼합형; 정서인식; 정반응율; 정반응 소요시간
생물치료정신의학, v.18, no.2, pp.264 - 273
Objectives：This study had explored emotional recognition defects in boys with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Combined Type(ADHD-C).
Methods：30 boys with ADHD-C were selected and 30 normal boys were selected of matching age and intelligence with ADHD-C under a guideline of IRB for a retrospective study. All of participants were examined intelligence, behavioral symptoms, neurocognitive functions and web based emotional recognition test(ERT). Web based ERT was developed for examine the emotional recognition ability as emotional recognition, emotional discrimination and contextual understanding.
Results：In correct response ratio analyses at ERT, boys with ADHD-C showed not any significant differences between groups except for fear at contextual understanding, but in decision making speed at correct response analyses, boys with ADHD-C was slowed significantly than normal group at total mean, and expecially, emotional recognition of positive emotion, and contextual understanding of happy and sickening. Correlational trends between correct response ratio and decision making speed at correct response were significantly different between groups. Finally, for a evaluation emotional recognition defects in boys with ADHD-C, a using of both correct response ratio and decision making speed at correct response are proper than a using each index, separately.
Conclusions：This result had replicated emotional recognition defects at ADHD-C in researches using physiological indices or parameters as MEG, fMRI, and ERP, and showed characteristic emotional recognition defects at ADHD-C and usability of ERT for a evaluation of ADHD-C.