A bi-layer cathode based on lanthanum based cobalt- and iron-containing perovskite and gadolinium doped ceria for thin yttria stabilized zirconia electrolyte solid oxide fuel cells

Title
A bi-layer cathode based on lanthanum based cobalt- and iron-containing perovskite and gadolinium doped ceria for thin yttria stabilized zirconia electrolyte solid oxide fuel cells
Author(s)
김혜경박용일[박용일]김주희
Keywords
ANODE-SUPPORTED SOFCS; ELECTROCHEMICAL PERFORMANCE; COMPOSITE CATHODES; SURFACE-AREA; IT-SOFCS; IMPEDANCE; OPTIMIZATION; MECHANISMS; OXIDATION; OXYGEN
Issue Date
201212
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, v.38, no.8, pp.6303 - 6310
Abstract
Composite cathodes based on La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-delta (LSCF) are investigated for lower operating temperature (< 750 degrees C) applications of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). To enhance a charge transfer, a bi-layer SOFC cathode is proposed, which has a LSCF-Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (GDC) composite layer and a pure LSCF layer. The bi-layer cathode SOFC shows a current density of 0.65 A cm(-2) at 0.8 V and 660 degrees C, which is higher than a LSCF-GDC composite single-layer cathode SOFC cell of 0.35 A cm(-2). The charge transfer polarizations in the bi-layer cathode SOFC are 0.14 Omega cm(2) and 0.35 Omega cm(2) at 760 degrees C and 660 degrees C, respectively, which are lower than those in the single-layer cathode cell of 0.23 Omega cm(2) and 0.66 Omega cm(2). The impedances characterized with a fitting model show that the lowered charge transfer polarization in the bi-layer cathode is a dominant factor in reducing the total polarization of SOFC. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/26809http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2012.04.086
ISSN
0272-8842
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공과대학 > 신소재공학부 > Articles
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