Treatment of Complex Facial Fractures: Clinical Experience of Different Timing and Order
- Treatment of Complex Facial Fractures: Clinical Experience of Different Timing and Order
- 김용하; 정규진; 이준호; 김태곤; 임종효
- PANFACIAL FRACTURES; SURGICAL-TREATMENT; TRAUMA
- Issue Date
- LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
- JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, v.24, no.1, pp.216 - 220
- Given the variability of the timing and order of surgeries, it is difficult to choose the best treatment for patients with complex facial fractures. Based on the clinical experiences, the authors have reviewed their experience with the timing and order of operations depending on the sites of complex facial fractures and their concurrent injuries. The current study was based on a total of 105 patients with complex facial fractures from the year 2002 to 2011. After assessing the patients' clinical records, radiological data, and clinical photographs, the following data were analyzed: patients' age and sex, causes of injury, concurrent injuries, sites of fractures, the interval between trauma and the operations, the presence of additional surgeries, and the aesthetic and functional outcomes. For most of the patients, early operation was performed (within 2 weeks in 95.2%). Additional surgeries within 1 month after injuries were performed in 22 patients. Usually, a top-to-bottom direction repair was applied when head injuries were involved, and bottom-to-top direction repair was applied when occlusal problems were involved. Of 105 patients whom we were able to follow up, 49 patients showed complications or were dissatisfied with the outcomes. However, except them, most of the patients were satisfied with the outcomes of surgical treatments. There were 14 cases of cheek asymmetry, 9 enophthalmos, 30 paresthesia, 4 malocclusion, and a single case of persistent trismus. In the current study, satisfactory results could be achievable under the following principles: a repair should be done in the early stage after the onset of the injury; supportive surgeries should be done, if necessary, within 2 weeks (no later than 4 weeks); and the order of surgical treatment should be determined by the severity of bone fracture and the systemic status.
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