Toxicity of Ce2O3/TiO2 composite nanofibers against S. aureus and S. typhimurium: A novel electrospun material for disinfection of food pathogens

Title
Toxicity of Ce2O3/TiO2 composite nanofibers against S. aureus and S. typhimurium: A novel electrospun material for disinfection of food pathogens
Author(s)
오태환M. Shamshi Hassan[M. Shamshi Hassan]길명섭[길명섭]Touseef Amna[Touseef Amna]Salem S. Al-Deyab[Salem S. Al-Deyab]김현철[김현철]
Keywords
ESCHERICHIA-COLI; OXIDE NANOPARTICLES; DOPED CERIA; FABRICATION; BACTERIA; DIOXIDE; FILTERS; AGENTS; TIO2; UV
Issue Date
201212
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
COLLOIDS AND SURFACES A-PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING ASPECTS, v.415, pp.268 - 273
Abstract
This study presents the fabrication and characterization of novel cerium oxide-titanium dioxide (Ce2O3-TiO2) composite nanofibers and their bactericidal activity. The utilized Ce2O3-TiO2 nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning of a sol-gel composed of cerium nitrate hexahydrate, titanium isopropoxide and poly(vinyl acetate). The physicochemical characterization of the synthesized composite nanofibers was carried out by X-ray diffraction pattern, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, electron probe micro-analysis and transmission electron microscopy. The antibacterial activity was tested against two most common foodborne pathogenic bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus (Gram-positive) and Salmonella typhimurium (Gram-negative). Bactericidal effects were determined by MIC measurements and transmission electron microscopy respectively. Our results suggested that the lowest concentration of Ce2O3-TiO2 nanofibers which inhibits the growth of tested strains was found to be 10 mu g/ml. TEM analysis demonstrated that the exposure of pathogenic strains to the electrospun nanofibers leads to disruption of cell membranes which cause bacteria to die eventually. Moreover, the current results showed superior antimicrobial action of Ce2O3-TiO2 than pristine TiO2 nanofibers which might be due to the obvious impact of Ce2O3 doping into TiO2. In conclusion, novel Ce(III) oxide-titania nanofibers which possess a large surface volume were fabricated as a microbial growth inhibitor with excellent antimicrobial activity. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/26711http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2012.08.058
ISSN
0927-7757
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공과대학 > 화학공학부 > Articles
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