Dyeability of Fabrics by Malt-fermented Materials and Mineral Water Mordanting-Effect of Mordanting with Hwangsu (mineral water) of Yeongcheon, Korea-
- Dyeability of Fabrics by Malt-fermented Materials and Mineral Water Mordanting-Effect of Mordanting with Hwangsu (mineral water) of Yeongcheon, Korea-
- fermentation dyeing; mineral water; Hwangsu(mineral water); malt; Yeongcheon(Korea)
- Issue Date
- 한국염색가공학회지, v.24, no.4, pp.270 - 280
- This study examined the dyeing characteristics of five oriental herbs, namely Gardenia jasminoides, Sophora japonica L., Rheum coreanum, Rhus javanica L., Ginkgo biloba L., on fabrics with traditional fermentation using malt. And the properties of Hwangsu (mineral water) of Yeongcheon (Korea)as a mordant in the post-treatment of textile were evaluated. The dyeability and fastness of cotton fabric and silk to light and washing as well as different fermentation periods and temperatures were investigated, and the following results were obtained. The dyeability of the fermented and non-fermented material did not show a significant difference. Fabrics mordanted with Hwangsu generally exhibited a reddish color due to the presence of iron.
The dyeing of cotton fabric and silk by fermentation and Hwangsu mordanting were found to be effective on Rhus javanica L. and Rheum coreanum. These results were confirmed through fastness to light 3 of cotton on Rheum coreanum and 3-4 of silk on Rhus javanica L., respectively. The washing fastness of both fabrics dyed with fermented Rhus javanica L. and Rheum coreanum was improved, showing higher K/S value after washing than before washing.
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