The radio-sensitizing effect of xanthohumol is mediated by STAT3 and EGFR suppression in doxorubicin-resistant MCF-7 human breast cancer cells

Title
The radio-sensitizing effect of xanthohumol is mediated by STAT3 and EGFR suppression in doxorubicin-resistant MCF-7 human breast cancer cells
Author(s)
김정애강유라박민아허세웅박수영강건욱[강건욱]박필훈
Keywords
EPIDERMAL-GROWTH-FACTOR; X-LINKED INHIBITOR; NF-KAPPA-B; IONIZING-RADIATION; CARCINOMA-CELLS; FACTOR RECEPTOR; TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS; OXIDATIVE STRESS; IN-VITRO; MITOCHONDRIAL-PATHWAY
Issue Date
201303
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS, v.1830, no.3, pp.2638 - 2648
Abstract
Background: Chemotherapeutic drug resistance remains a clinical obstacle in cancer management Drug-resistant cancer cells usually exhibit cross-resistance to ionizing radiation, which has devastating consequences for patients. With a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms, it will be possible to develop strategies to overcome this cross-resistance and to increase therapeutic sensitivity. Methods: Natural and synthetic flavonoid compounds including xanthohumol, the principal flavonoid in hops, were investigated for its radio-sensitizing activity on human breast cancer MCF-7 and adriamycin-resistant MCF-7 (MCF-7/ADR) cells. Chemo-sensitizing or radio-sensitizing effect was analyzed by tetrazolium-based colorimetric assay and flow cytometry. Western blot analysis, confocal microscopy, gene silencing with siRNA transfection and luciferase reporter gene assay were performed to examine signaling molecule activation. Results: Among the tested flavonoid compounds, pretreatment of the cells with xanthohumol significantly sensitized MCF-7/ADR cells to the radiation treatment by inducing apoptosis. In MCF-7/ADR cells, treatment with xanthohumol alone or with gamma-rays significantly decreased levels of anti-apoptotic proteins. Multi-drug resistance 1 (MDR1), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) expression levels in MCF-7/ADR cells were suppressed by xanthohumol treatment. In addition, xanthohumol treatment increased death receptor (DR)-4 and DRS expression. The xanthohumol-induced changes of these resistance-related molecules in MCF-7/ADR cells were synergistically increased by gamma-ray treatment Conclusions: Xanthohumol restored sensitivity of MCF-7/ADR cells to doxorubicin and radiation therapies. General significance: Our results suggest that xanthohumol may be a potent chemo- and radio-sensitizer, and its actions are mediated through STAT3 and EGFR inhibition. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/26281http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbagen.2012.12.005
ISSN
0304-4165
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약학대학 > 약학부 > Articles
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