Deterioration of pre-existing hemiparesis due to injury of the ipsilateral anterior corticospinal tract

Title
Deterioration of pre-existing hemiparesis due to injury of the ipsilateral anterior corticospinal tract
Author(s)
장성호권혁규
Keywords
HUMAN BRAIN; SOMATOTOPIC ARRANGEMENT; TRACTOGRAPHY; HEMORRHAGE; LOCATION; TRACKING; STEM
Issue Date
201305
Publisher
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
Citation
BMC NEUROLOGY, v.13
Abstract
Background: The anterior corticospinal tract (CST) has been suggested as one of the ipsilateral motor pathways, which contribute to motor recovery following stroke. In this study, we report on a patient who showed deterioration of pre-existing hemiparesis due to an injury of the ipsilateral anterior CST following a pontine infarct, as evaluated by diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). Case presentation: A 55-year-old male patient showed quadriparesis after the onset of an infarct in the right pontine basis. He had history of an infarct in the left middle cerebral artery territory 7 years ago. Consequently, he showed right hemiparesis before onset of the right pontine infarct. Following this, his right hemiparesis deteriorated whereas his left hemiparesis newly developed. The DTTs for whole CST of the right hemisphere in the patient and both hemispheres in control subjects descended through the known CST pathway. By contrast, the DTT for the left whole CST of the patient showed a complete injury finding. The DTTs for the anterior CST of control subjects passed through the known pathway of the CST from cerebral cortex to medulla and terminated in the anterior funiculus of the upper cervical cord. However, the DTT for right anterior CST in the patient showed discontinuation below the right pontine infarct. Conclusion: It appeared that the deterioration of the pre-existing right hemiparesis was ascribed to an injury of the right anterior CST due to the right pontine infarct.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/25901http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2377-13-53
ISSN
1471-2377
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의과대학 > 재활의학교실 > Articles
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