Molecular characterisation and biological activity of a novel CXC chemokine gene in rock bream (Oplegnathus fasciatus)

Title
Molecular characterisation and biological activity of a novel CXC chemokine gene in rock bream (Oplegnathus fasciatus)
Author(s)
심상희김주원[김주원]김은경[김은경]김도형[김도형]박찬일[박찬일]
Keywords
FLOUNDER PARALICHTHYS-OLIVACEUS; TROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS; CROAKER PSEUDOSCIAENA-CROCEA; EXPRESSION ANALYSIS; CC-CHEMOKINE; EDWARDSIELLA-ICTALURI; SEQUENCE-ANALYSIS; CELL-MIGRATION; CLONING; INFECTION
Issue Date
201305
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY, v.34, no.5, pp.1103 - 1111
Abstract
Chemokines are chemoattractant cytokines defined by the presence of four conserved cysteine residues. In mammals, these cytokines can be divided into four subfamilies depending on the arrangement of the first two conserved cysteines in the sequence, and include the CXC(alpha), CC(beta), C(gamma), and CX3C(delta) classes. We identified CXC chemokine cDNA, designated RbCXC, isolated using expressed sequence tag analysis of a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated rock bream liver cDNA library. The full-length RbCXC cDNA (742 bp) contained an open reading frame of 342 bp encoding 114 amino acids. Results from phylogenetic analysis showed that RbCXC was strictly separated into a distinct clade compared to other known CXC chemokine subgroups. RbCXC was significantly expressed in the trunk kidney, liver, spleen, gill, peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs), and head kidney. Rock bream PBLs were stimulated with several mitogens, including LPS and polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly I:C), which significantly induced the expression of RbCXC mRNA. RbCXC mRNA expression was examined in several tissues under conditions of bacterial and viral challenge. Experimental challenges revealed that all examined tissues from fish infected with Edwardsiella tarda and red sea bream iridovirus showed significant increases in RbCXC expression compared to the control. In the case of Streptococcus iniae infection, RbCXC mRNA expression was markedly upregulated in the kidney, spleen, and liver. In addition, a maltose binding protein fusion recombinant RbCXC (similar to 53 kDa) was produced in an Escherichia coli expression system and purified. Subsequently, the addition of purified recombinant RbCXC (rRbCXC) to kidney leukocytes was examined to investigate the impact of proliferative and chemotactic activity. The rRbCXC induced significant kidney leukocyte proliferation and attraction at concentrations ranging from 10 to 300 mu g/mL, suggesting that it can be utilised as an immune stimulant and/or molecular adjuvant to enhance the immunological effects of vaccines. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/25882http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2013.01.007
ISSN
1050-4648
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생명공학부 > 생명공학부 > Articles
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