Electrokinetic particle translocation through a nanopore

Title
Electrokinetic particle translocation through a nanopore
Author(s)
스즈첸Ye Ai[Ye Ai]
Keywords
SOLID-STATE NANOPORE; SURFACE-CHARGE DENSITY; ELECTROPHORETIC MOTION; SPHERICAL-PARTICLE; DNA TRANSLOCATION; SYNTHETIC NANOPORES; CYLINDRICAL PORE; IONIC-CURRENT; CURRENT RECTIFICATION; ELECTROOSMOTIC FLOW
Issue Date
201101
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Citation
PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, v.13, no.9, pp.4060 - 4071
Abstract
Nanoparticle electrophoretic translocation through a single nanopore induces a detectable change in the ionic current, which enables the nanopore-based sensing for various bio-analytical applications. In this study, a transient continuum-based model is developed for the first time to investigate the electrokinetic particle translocation through a nanopore by solving the Nernst-Planck equations for the ionic concentrations, the Poisson equation for the electric potential and the Navier-Stokes equations for the flow field using an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) method. When the applied electric field is relatively low, a current blockade is expected. In addition, the particle could be trapped at the entrance of the nanopore when the electrical double layer (EDL) adjacent to the charged particle is relatively thick. When the electric field imposed is relatively high, the particle can always pass through the nanopore by electrophoresis. However, a current enhancement is predicted if the EDL of the particle is relatively thick. The obtained numerical results qualitatively agree with the existing experimental results. It is also found that the initial orientation of the particle could significantly affect the particle translocation and the ionic current through a nanopore. Furthermore, a relatively high electric field tends to align the particle with its longest axis parallel to the local electric field. However, the particle's initial lateral offset from the centerline of the nanopore acts as a minor effect.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/25791http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c0cp02267e
ISSN
1463-9076
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공과대학 > 기계공학부 > Articles
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