Involvement of ROS in Curcumin-induced Autophagic Cell Death

Title
Involvement of ROS in Curcumin-induced Autophagic Cell Death
Author(s)
이윤주[이윤주]김남이서영아[서영아]이추희
Keywords
MALIGNANT GLIOMA-CELLS; COLON-CANCER CELLS; OXIDATIVE STRESS; DOWN-REGULATION; APOPTOSIS; LC3; INHIBITION; ANTIOXIDANT; EXPRESSION; INDUCTION
Issue Date
201102
Publisher
KOREAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY & PHARMACOLOGY
Citation
KOREAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY & PHARMACOLOGY, v.15, no.1, pp.1 - 7
Abstract
Many anticancer agents as well as ionizing radiation have been shown to induce autophagy which is originally described as a protein recycling process and recently reported to play a crucial role in various disorders. In HCT116 human colon cancer cells, we found that curcumin, a polyphenolic phytochemical extracted from the plant Curcuma longa, markedly induced the conversion of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)-I to LC3-II and degradation of sequestome-1 (SQSTM1) which is a marker of autophagosome degradation. Moreover, we found that curcumin caused GFP-LC3 formation puncta, a marker of autophagosome, and decrease of GFP-LC3 and SQSTM1 protein level in GFP-LC3 expressing HCT116 cells. It was further confirmed that treatment of cells with hydrogen peroxide induced increase of LC3 conversion and decrease of GFP-LC3 and SQSTM1 levels, but these changes by curcumin were almost completely blocked in the presence of antioxidant, N-acetylcystein (NAC), indicating that curcumin leads to reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, which results in autophagosome development and autolysosomal degradation. In parallel with NAC, SQSTM1 degradation was also diminished by bafilomycin A, a potent inhibitor of autophagosome-lysosome fusion, and cell viability assay was further confirmed that cucurmin-induced cell death was partially blocked by bafilomycin A as well as NAC. We also observed that NAC abolished curcumin-induced activation of extracelluar signal-regulated kinases (ERK) 1/2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), but not Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). However, the activation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK seemed to have no effect on the curcumin-induced autophagy, since both the conversion of LC3 protein and SQSTM1 degradation by curcumin was not changed in the presence of NAC. Taken together, our data suggest that curcumin induced ROS production, which resulted in autophagic activation and concomitant cell death in HCT116 human colon cancer cell. However, ROS-dependent activation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK, but not JNK, might not be involved in the curcumin-induced autophagy.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/YU.REPOSITORY/25697http://dx.doi.org/10.4196/kjpp.2011.15.1.1
ISSN
1226-4512
Appears in Collections:
중앙도서관 > rims journal
의과대학 > 생화학.분자생물학교실 > Articles
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